mercredi 13 février 2013


Buddhism has many points in common with Jainism, the religion founded by Mahavira, who is a contemporary of the Buddha and has a history similar to his. Like the Buddha, Mahavira descended from an aristocratic family from the region Vais'ali, abandoned the family thirty years to seek wisdom and salvation as itinerant ascetic and, after twelve years of meditation and penance, gets a revelation. It is not known exactly when Mahavira was born, but it is known that died around 447 BC
The followers of Jainism are called Jains and, just as Buddhists reject the Brahmanical religion and the caste system. The fundamental notion of the Jain philosophy of life is non-violence (Ahimsa), ie, waiver of prejudice in any manner whatsoever any living being, for it is the smallest. The practice of Jain philosophy of life is equally accessible to all, your goal is the purification of the soul to free her from the cycle of reincarnation and this is achieved through constant practice and everyday non-violence.

Jainism has not become as popular as a religion Buddhism, having spread only among a small number of supporters. Even today there are followers of Jainism in India and other countries of the world. It is likely that the great Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi was influenced by the Jain philosophy of non-violence, making it an instrument of resistance to British colonial rule.


Buddhism was founded by Prince Siddhartha Gautama (558-478 BC) belonging to S'akya important clan in northern India (the current region of Nepal). At twenty-nine years, left his family to become a wandering ascetic and seek wisdom. After seven years practicing corporal mortifications and terrible hardships, leaving the ascetic path and attains enlightenment under the Bodhi tree (Buddha in Pali language, means "the awakened one" and Bodhi, the "[a tree] awakening").
Thereafter, he began to preach the Dharma (a word that means the same time, the law or the universal order, and the doctrine that teaches), bringing together many disciples and followers around him. After Buddha's death, his supporters divided into two schools: the Theravadin of (fans of "small vehicle" Hinayana), for which there is only one Buddha and the way of salvation depends on individual effort, and fans Mahayana ("great Vehicle"), under which there are many Buddhas (bodhisattvas, avatars of the Buddha) which, in compassion, shall provide for the salvation of all beings.

Buddhism, similar to Christianity is a universal religion, ie, is not exclusive to one or another category of people. He has a way of salvation that is basically ethical practices and the adoption of a philosophy of life that seeks to understand and remove the causes of human suffering and is accessible to anyone, regardless of their social status and their birth. Thus, Buddhism gained multitudes of followers mainly in northern India (the region where the Buddha preached) and in East Asia. Later, Buddhism spread to China, Indochina, Korea and Japan, becoming one of the most popular religions in the world. In other words, this is all deceit of the Devil